The Union Cabinet on Wednesday approved the long-pending and much-awaited reform in the education sector. The New Education Policy 2020 will transform millions of lives tweeted, PM Narendra Modi. The major decision included reframing the name of the Ministry of Human Resource and Development (MHRD) to the Ministry of Education. The changes in the name were done as per the recommendation listed in the draft.
The New Education Policy will focus on outcome-based education learning and systematic reforms. The new policy would also see an overhaul of the system in place in higher education.
Highlights of the NEP:
1) Focus on regional languages
The mother tongue or the regional language will be preferred as a medium of instruction till 5th grade.
2) Three Language Formula
The NEP aims to mainstream Sanskrit as one among the language options in schools in the 3 language formula, it will thereafter be continued in higher secondary.
3) Schooling structure to be changed
10, +12 structure will be replaced with 5+3+3+4 Curricular. Therefore, it has been divided into 3 categories.
- A foundational stage (age 3 to 8).
- Three years of pre-primary stage (age 8 to 11).
- A preparatory stage (age 11 to 14).
- A secondary stage (age 14 to 18).
4) Assessment changes
This will focus on changing the examination pattern. The students will write exams only in classes 3, 5, and 8. Assessments will shift to parameters like analytical skills, critical thinking, and concept study.
5) Board exams to test the knowledge of the students
Board Exams will continue for class 10 and class 12 but will be low stakes and it’ll test the core concepts and application of knowledge by the students.
6) The choice to select the streams
Students will be given the chance to select the streams as per their interests, which will reduce the load on them. All the separations between arts and science, vocational and academic, curricular and extra-curricular will also be removed. From schooling to undergraduate and post-graduation and Ph.D. level, Everything will be multidisciplinary and M Phil to be discontinued.
7) Importance of Arts
The policy suggests giving more importance to the growth of traditional arts.
8) Use of digital libraries
The adult education will focus on Book Promotion Policy and the use of digital libraries in schools for the students.
9) Vocational training
Every child will undergo vocational integration from class 6 onwards.
10) Digital learning
Digital learning would be provided for students with digitally equipped teachers in schools. E-content will focus on regional languages.
11) Same regulations for all the higher education systems
The multiple higher education systems like the University Grants Commission, All Indian Council of Technical Education, and National Council of Teacher Education will be merged as one education regulatory, excluding the medical and legal education.
12) Education to the gifted children
Children with disabilities will be permitted to participate in regular schooling from the foundation stage to the higher secondary stage with many facilities.
13) The budget for the education sector will be increased
In a huge overhaul, the education sector will now be increased to get 6% of the total GDP as previously compared to 1.7%.
14) No bags to be taken
School students will have 10 bagless days in a year, during which they’ll be exposed to vocational subjects.
15) Command exams for university admissions
National Testing Agency will conduct CAT and SAT like exams, as well as NTA will offer common entrance exams twice a year for the admissions in the university.
16) Changes in report cards
Students will be provided with a 360-degree Holistic Progress Card and these Report cards will be a comprehensive report on skills and capabilities instead of just marks and statements.
17) Internships from class 6
Coding will be taught to students from class 6. The students will also be exposed to getting an Informal internship.
18) Multiple Entry/Exit points with the appropriate certificate
There will be options for the students who wish to exit from the course. This includes a certificate after completing one year in a discipline or field, including vocational and professional areas, a diploma after two years of study, or a bachelor’s degree after a three-year program.
19) Introduction to Academic Credit Bank
The Academic Credit Bank is where the credits of a person will be transferred when he/she leaves the program. This will enable working professionals to come back and continue the course later.
20) The Right to Education
The right to education has been extended for everyone from the age of 3 to 18 years.
The National Education Policy 2020 aims for a better future for the generations to come. The vision of NEP 2020 contributes to transforming the country, providing high-quality education to all, and making India a global knowledge superpower.